Modelling and assessing the role of air transport in an integrated, intermodal transport system
In the context of increasing environmental awareness, regulatory measures, capacity shortages across different modes, or the need for a more seamless and hassle-free passenger journey, the future evolution of European travellers’ demand for mobility is still unknown, as well as its potential impacts on the European transport system. The optimization and alignment of intermodal transport is therefore of utmost importance for the overall performance of the (future) European transport system, especially in regard to providing a seamless and hassle-free journey for passengers as well as mitigating (air) capacity constraints
The main objective of the project is the analysis of the performance of the overall transport system by considering the entire door-to-door journey holistically and assessing the role of air transport within an integrated, intermodal approach. For this purpose, Modus identifies and assesses (future) drivers for passenger demand and supply of mobility in terms of their impact on passenger mode choice. This enables the development of multiple scenarios of future mobility paths, taking into account aspects such as new regulatory contexts meeting new environmental standards, or new transport operators’ business models, covering a time horizon of 2040+.
Facts and figures
Project budget : 1 m€
Duration: 30 months
Project start date: 01/06/2020
Project end date: 30/11/2022
Partners: 7 partners from 5 countries
Project coordinator: Bauhaus Luftfahrt
Work programme: H2020-SESAR-2019-2
Grant agreement n° 891166
in a better way how ATM and air transport can better contribute to improve passengers’ intermodal journeys and how this translates into an enhanced performance of the overall transport system
Explore and model
the connection and dependence between ATM/ air transport and other transport modes, with a special focus on the interplay between short and medium air and rail connections
the main barriers in achieving European (air) mobility goals and how air transport can evolve by efficiently connecting information and services with other transport modes to achieve the 4 hours door-to-door goal and a seamless journey experience for passengers.
|WP Number||WP Title||Lead beneficiary|
|WP1||Coordination and Management||BHL|
|WP2||Data Acquisition and Management||INX|
|WP3||Future Supply and Demand Scenarios||ENAC|
|WP4||Passenger Mobility Modelling||UoW|
|WP5||Identification of Gaps and Barriers||BHL|
|WP6||Dissemination and Exploitation||UIC|
WP3 will focus on the future supply and demand scenarios. It will identify the drivers for future demand and supply and develop a modal choice model which will be used by the development of scenarios activities. WP3 will then identify which indicators need to be monitored and developed to capture the particularities of the connectivity of passengers in a multimodal environment. The generated demand and supply flows in WP3 will feed the mobility models implemented in WP4. First an interface between these flows and individual passenger itineraries will be created. This will also transform the information from the scenarios into specific input for the models. Two mobility models will complement each other on the analysis: a passenger mobility model and a flight-centric network model. These models will be based on state-of-the-art tools previously developed by members of the consortium and will provide detailed flight and passenger metrics in the full door-to-door context. The runs of these tactical models carried out in WP4 will feed the quantitative and qualitative analysis carried out in WP5 which will be devoted to the identification of gaps and barriers and of the definition of use cases. Finally, all these activities will be supported by close interaction with the Industry Board and validation activities managed from WP1.
|Deliverable number||Deliverable name||Work Package||Lead partner||Delivery date|
|3.1||Modal choice analysis and expert assessment||3||ENAC||M8|
|4.1||Interface to modal choice model: methodology||4||INX||M12|
|3.2||Demand and supply scenarios and performance indicators||3||BHL||M13|
|5.1||Definition of use cases||5||BHL||M13|
|4.2||Mobility models description||4||UoW||M20|
|5.2||Report on overall final project results||5||BHL||M22|
|6.2||Final dissemination report||6||BHL||M30|
News & Events
The Future of Multimodal Transport: Horizon 2040 First Modus workshop held successfully online on 19 January
The first Modus workshop: The Future of Multimodal Transport: Horizon 2040 was held online on 19 January, attended by almost 90 experts, mainly from the air and rail sectors. The workshop was divided into two parts: a first session with a focus on multimodality...
What is the future of multimodality? What are the main barriers to improving it? How can rail and air work together to improve their complementarity from a multimodal perspective? Modus project summary: Modus is a SESAR/H2020 research project, which launched earlier...
Register and download the agenda: here Modus has organized a first Q&A Virtual meeting 08/12/2020. If you have missed it a second Virtual Meeting will be held on Thursday 10 December 2020 from 14:00 to 14:30. Due to the COVID-19 situation and the associated...
Modus: Better understanding and assessing the role of air transport in an intermodal transport system
The Modus project was officially launched at the beginning of June in the presence of SESAR JU representatives and the seven members of the consortium. Bauhaus Luftfahrt e. V. (BHL), École nationale de l’aviation civile (ENAC), University of Westminster LBG (UoW),...
Official launch of the European Project MODUS (modelling and assessing the role of air transport in an integrated, intermodal transport system) on 2 June 2020
Last week the MODUS project was officially launched in the presence of SESAR JU representatives and the seven members of the Consortium (BHL, ENAC, UoW, INX, UIC, SKY, ECTL). Bauhaus Luftfahrt e.V. (BHL), École nationale de l’aviation civile (ENAC), University of...
Bauhaus Luftfahrt is an interdisciplinary research institution funded by the four aerospace companies Airbus Group, Industrieanlagen-Betriebsgesellschaft (IABG), Liebherr-Aerospace and MTU Aero Engines as well as the Bavarian Ministry of Economic Affairs, Regional Development and Energy. The non-profit association is an internationally-oriented think tank. Bauhaus Luftfahrt e. V. was founded in November 2005 and is based on the Ludwig Bölkow Campus in Taufkirchen near Munich since 2015.
École nationale de l'aviation civile
L’Ecole Nationale de l’Aviation Civile (ENAC) or French Civil Aviation University is a public institution under the supervision of the French Ministry of transport. Its mission is to provide ab-initio and further training for the executives and main players of the civil aviation world and do research in a variety of air transport related domains. ENAC offers a wide range of activities that are tailored to meet the requirements of the public and private sectors both in France and in other countries. Based in Toulouse, France, ENAC is one of the top universities in the world devoted to the aviation industry (about 2000 students for Ab-Initio Training and 4500 trainees for Continuing Education and training and more than 140 researchers).
University of Westminster
The University of Westminster’s planning and transport research team has been engaged in transport research, consultancy, and teaching for over 40 years. The broad social and behavioural research of the University allows us to examine transport issues in a holistic and integrated context, with a substantial focus on door-to-door passenger mobility and choice paradigms. Such work has included choice determinants for rail, including novel modelling of how perceived reliability drives modal share. Areas of transport research include: travel planning and mobility management, transport and social exclusion, urban public transport and accessibility planning, plus a core speciality of air traffic management: with a particular emphasis on performance assessment, economics and operations. In addition, the team has 20 years’ experience in user requirements studies and technical market research, plus an established history of quantitative and qualitative analytical techniques.
Fundacion Instituto De Investigacion Innaxis
Innaxis Research Institute (INX) is a private and independent research institution founded with the goal of addressing complex scientific challenges of significant social and economic impact. Innaxis’ research agenda focuses on the study of large-scale, network-based socio-technical systems such as energy or transport by using an interdisciplinary approach and the state of the art in data science, mathematical modelling, nonlinear systems, predictive analytics and computational simulation.
Union Internationale des Chemins de fer
UIC is the worldwide organisation for international cooperation among railways and promotion of rail transport at a global level. Founded in 1922, it currently gathers 200 members on all 5 continents, among them rail operators, infrastructure managers, etc. The mission of the association is to promote rail transport at world level with the objective of optimally meeting current and future challenges of mobility and sustainable development.
Skymantics Europe, SL
Skymantics Europe is a technical consulting firm that provides services in information technology for the aviation and transportation industry. The company team has broad expertise in system conceptualisation, test and validation, and bring-to-market activities for travel planning, routing and multimodal connectivity based on open geospatial data and Internet of Things (IoT) capabilities. Skymantics Europe is positioning itself as an innovation laboratory for solutions enabling global connectivity of all stakeholders into the transport network, with the objectives to improve performance, efficiency and safety of the EU transportation infrastructure.
EUROCONTROL, the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation, is an intergovernmental Organisation with 41 Member States, committed to building, together with its partners, a Single European Sky that will deliver the ATM performance required for the 21st century. EUROCONTROL employs more than 1,900 highly qualified professionals spread over four European countries.
Interview with Modus coordinator: https://www.sesarju.eu/news/flying-multimodal-way
Annika PAUL – BHL
Communication and dissemination
Vanessa PÉREZ – UIC
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